In the United Arab Emirates’ eastern shores on the Gulf of Oman, the Port of Khor Fakkan overlooks the Emirate of Sharjah’s eastern seaboard. Providing connections with Asia and the Far East, it is one of the Emirate’s three ports. It is Sharjah’s only natural deep water harbor.
The Port of Khor Fakkan has long been a location for human habitation. Archeologists identified 34 graves and evidence of a settlement dating to the 2nd millennium BC clustered in the outcroppings that overlook the harbor. The Rifaisa Dam in the mountains was built over an ancient village, evidenced by the still-visible rooftops of old houses.
The natural cove on which the Port of Khor Fakkan is located was important in medieval days. It was attacked by the governor of Portuguese India, Afonso de Albuquerque, in 1507 and fought over for the next two centuries by the Portuguese, Persians, and Omanis. The Portuguese build a fort there, but it was in ruins by 1666. The Omanis ultimately won the area.
In 1832, when the Omani sultan was visiting his African possessions, the sheikh of Al-Shariqah (known in English as Sharjah) seized the town and Port of Khor Fakkan. The British recognized Al-Fujayrah as a separate state in 1952, but the Port of Khor Fakkan remained with Sharjah.
The Port of Khor Fakkan has a natural harbor, the best in the Emirate. But it is geographically isolated, and few investments have been made in the port. Even so, the Port of Khor Fakkan was thought to be Sharjah’s busiest when the United Arab Emirates (UAE) won independence in 1971.
In the past, much of the Port of Khor Fakkan’s busy traffic resulted from smuggling gold and luxury cargo to Indian and Pakistan. Today, it has facilities for container cargo, a cement factory, pipe works, and oil refining facilities.
The Emirate’s Department of Seaports and Customs, reporting directly to the Sheikh of Sharjah, owns and manages the Port of Khor Fakkan. The Sharjah Port Authority is a subsidiary of the Department of Sea Ports and Customs responsible for maintaining cargo manifests, dangerous goods lists, stowage plans and heavy lifts, and when appropriate, detailed firearms lists.
The Gulftainer Company Limited was created in 1976 to operate and manage the Khor Fakkan and Sharjah Container Terminals
The Port of Khor Fakkan has four berths with 14 container gantry cranes and abundant shore-side handling equipment. The Port of Khor Fakkan is undergoing a major berth extension project to increase its cargo-handling capacity. The Port of Khor Fakkan’s facilities are complemented by easy access to Sharjah’s Road Train Service and UAE’s commercial markets.
Through the Gulftainer Company Limited, the Port of Khor Fakkan offers storage of 320 thousand square meters for 32 thousand TEUs of containerized cargo. When the new berth is opened, additional storage area for 11 thousand TEUs will be available. The Port of Khor Fakkan is an ideal transshipment location for major container line operators shipping goods to Arabian Gulf ports, India, and East Africa.
Cruising and Travel
Surrounded by mountains and beaches, the Port of Fakkan is a popular tourist destination. Scuba divers and snorkelers are enchanted by its coral reefs that support abundant marine life.
Port Location: Khor Fakkan
Port Name: Port of Khor Fakkan
Port Authority: Ports of Sharjah
Address: P.O Box 510
United Arab Emirates
Web Site: http://www.sharjahports.gov.ae
Latitude: 25° 21′ 11″ N
Longitude: 56° 21′ 53″ E
Port Type: Seaport
Port Size: Medium
Information by http://www.worldportsource.com